Guide to Ceiling Construction

While a ceiling is generally not thought of as part of the structure of a house, it is nevertheless important. There are several types of forms, materials, and shapes unique to ceilings. Using these differences to your advantage can create eye-catching decorative and architectural aspects of your home.

Types of Ceilings

Conventional (or Standard) Ceiling

People might be most familiar with the conventional ceiling. A conventional, or standard ceiling is generally flat and typically has no additional volumes or detail. It may have some light fixtures added to it, although this would not be part of the ceiling itself. Usually, the standard or conventional ceiling is the least expensive option for your home or the room you are looking to finish.

The Coffered Ceiling

Often found in Greek and Roman architecture, the coffered ceiling typically has a framework that mimics a grid. It also is often shaped like a square or a rectangle. This type of ceiling adds a sophisticated, classical touch.

Vault Ceiling

A vaulted ceiling is not unlike a cathedral ceiling. It also has two planes that are sloped. However, unlike the cathedral ceiling, they do not always follow the roof’s pitch. The construction occurs within the house’s structure and is supported by its trusses. A barrel vault ceiling is one type. As the name reflects, it looks like a barrel or a tunnel if it were cut in half creating a semi-circular arch.

Exposed beam ceiling, concrete ceiling, and bulkhead ceilings

Exposed beam reveals the ceiling beam giving a house a traditional or rustic appeal. Like the exposed beam ceiling, a concrete ceiling shows the material structure rather than hiding it. This draws attention to it, thereby making it a design feature. Bulkhead ceilings are generally found in the kitchen are used to hide utility items like wires or pipes.

Sculpted Ceiling

This type of ceiling is identified by its unique shapes intended to bring ventilation and light from several directions. It also could be used to adjust the height of low ceilings to make them higher.

Timber-lined (Vertical Joint) or Retractable ceilings

Timber-lined ceilings are wooden boards assembled to form a cladding system that is non-stop. These can either be tongue-and-groove or bevel-edged. The style creates a relaxed, natural look

Raked or Cathedral Ceiling

Cathedral ceilings get their names from their original locales: cathedrals. The idea was to feel like one is getting closer to God. The two sloped sides pitch similarly to those of a roof and, therefore may be quite steep. A cathedral ceiling is also known as a raked ceiling and forms an inverted V from the apex.

Ornamental/Decorative Ceiling Elements

1) Pressed-tin can be applied to ceilings in order to create a historic character. It can also create a subtle detail for a modern look.
2) Timber-slatted ceilings have rectangular details running across the ceiling’s surface. This has simplicity and warmth while also potentially adding benefits to a room’s acoustics.
3) Crown Molding is added to the seams of a ceiling. It is a timber trim ranging from ornate and decorative to simple or minimalist.
4) Ceiling Rose: An ornamental circle made up of ceiling plaster, typically placed in the ceiling’s center. Usually, they are used to cover up pendant lighting.

This comprehensive guide to ceiling construction will help you understand the types of ceilings available for use in your home. If you are in Perth, Breezebay Carpentry can assist you in successfully completing the project.